Size >10,000 hand car washes (7,000 mechanical washes), around 60% of total

>110 million washes per year (45 million mechanical washes), >70% of total

>80% share of total car wash income (including valeting)

>£200m potential annual loss to HMRC in unpaid taxes

Trade Effluent

Over 99% of solids entering surface water drains (SWDs) and groundwater come from HCWs

Over 98% of car wash chemicals entering SWDs and groundwater come from HCWs

Trade Effluent Chemicals

>10,500 cubic metres per year

Untreated car wash chemicals are toxic and harmful to the environment

35% go to foul sewer

63% go to SWDs and groundwater, polluting the local water coursesTrade Effluent Water

>3,700,000 cubic metres per year